Endometriosis (Endo) is said to be one of the most common conditions that affect women, especially between age 30 and 44.

Endometriosis is when the lining of the uterus/womb grows outside the uterus. It causes pain and cramps and sometimes get worse during menstruation, also one of the causes of infertility in women.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

  1. Pain – This is the most common symptoms and it includes pains in the lower back and pelvis. It also makes menstrual cramp extremely painful and increasing over time, deep pain during or after sex, painful bowel movement, pain while urinating during menstruation and intestinal pain.
  2. Regular Bleeding or Spotting – Although this can be caused by various reasons, regular bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods is a symptom of endometriosis.
  3. Digestive Problem – Digestive or stomach problems, including diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or nausea especially during menstrual period.
  4. Infertility or inability to get pregnant

Causes of Endometriosis

Although there is no cause of this disease, here are some of what researchers have been able to discover as possible causes:

  1. Genetic Factors – Endometriosis may be inherited in the genes because it runs in the family.
  2. Surgery – Surgery in the abdominal area such as C-section, hysterectomy, can cause endometriosis, because the endometrial tissue could be picked up and moved by mistake.
  3. Hormones – The estrogen hormone is said to promote endometriosis.
  4. Bad Immune System – A faulty immune system may not be able to find and destroy endometrial tissue growing outside of the uterus.
  5. Retrograde Menstrual Flow – Problems with menstrual flow can cause endometriosis. Example is when the tissue shed through the Fallopian tube during menstruation flows to other areas such as the pelvis.

Prevention of Endometriosis

There is no sure way to prevent endometriosis, however, because the hormone estrogen promotes it, you can lower the level of estrogen in your body by:

  1. Exercise – A regular (4-hours) routine exercise weekly is said to help keep a low percentage of body fat that decreases the amount of estrogen circulating in your body.
  2. Avoid caffeinated drinks – Taking large amounts of caffeinated drinks (more than one a day), especially green tea and sodas has been shown to raise estrogen levels.
  3. Alcohol – Taking more than one alcoholic drink per day is said to raise the estrogen level.
  4. When choosing a birth control method, be sure to ask your doctor for pills, patches or rings with lower doses of estrogen.

If all or most of the words above sound too familiar, you might want to check with your doctor.

Also, may I state that endometriosis can be treated once diagnosed.
And yes, many women with endometriosis can get pregnant. (Remember Millen Magese’s story?)

P.S – The reason for sharing articles like this is not to cause fear or panic, it’s simply so that you can be aware of what is happening in your body or perhaps so you can take precautions.

Source: Women’s Health

Photo Credit: Pixabay

About, Symptoms, Causes and Prevention of Endometriosis

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